The Living Rainforest

Blue poison dart frog

Dendrobates tinctorius azureus

A late discovery

Blue poison dart frogs are found in only a few isolated areas of rainforest in Suriname and northern Brazil, so were only discovered in 1969. They are diurnal, which means they are active during the day. They live under rocks and moss near streams, but can sometimes be seen high up in the surrounding trees.


Poisonous skin

Poison dart frogs store a natural poison in their skin that can paralyse or even kill predators. These poisons are not created by the frog itself but are due to their diet of highly poisonous ants in the wild. The bright colouration of these frogs serves as warning to potential predators.

Indigenous cultures, such as the Chocó people of Colombia, have used these frogs’ poison for centuries to coat the tip of their blow darts before hunting — a tradition that inspired the frogs’ common name.


Did you know?

Like most other amphibians, the blue dart frog starts life as an egg. This then develops into a tadpole which is carried by either the mother or father to a body of water within which it can develop. The process of development into a frog is known as metamorphosis and is one of natures true marvels.

 


Quick facts

Scientific name
Dendrobates tinctorius azureus
Native to
Suriname and Brazil
Rainforest layer
Forest floor
Diet
Insects
Size
Maximum length 6cm
Weight
5g
Lifespan
6 years
IUCN conservation status
Not evaluated – learn more
CITES Appendix ii
Trade restricted – learn more

Concerns

Poison dart frogs are threatened as a result of collection for the pet trade, habitat destruction and a deadly fungus known as ‘Chytrid’ which is wiping out populations of amphibians around the world. The ‘azureus’ is believed to be one of the most threatened of all poison dart frogs in Central and South America, occurring only in a small area of Suriname and an even smaller area of northern Brazil.